Today, let’s talk about the differences between animation for film/TV and video games. They’re both about telling stories through animation, but they do it differently.

When you watch a movie or TV show, the creators set the scenes and angles to tell the story just right, and you just sit back and watch.

But in video games, you’re part of the action—you control what happens, so the animations have to be flexible and responsive. It’s like comparing a movie you watch to a game you play!

5 Differences between animation for film/TV and video games

Here’s a brief comparison table:

AspectFilm/TV AnimationVideo Game Animation
Camera AnglesFixed and controlled by creatorsMultiple angles based on player control
Animation StructureSequential, fixed storylineCyclical, dependent on player actions
Control & InteractivityViewer has no control, passive experiencePlayer-controlled, highly interactive
Polygon BudgetHigh, allowing for detailed and complex modelsLower, optimized for real-time rendering
Technical LimitationsMinimal, can use powerful hardware and softwareSignificant, must run smoothly on consoles and computers
Programming KnowledgeNot requiredRequired for creating interactive and responsive actions
Error DetectionEasier to catch mistakes during productionHarder to identify glitches due to numerous interactions
Rendering ProcessPre-rendered, can be extensively editedReal-time rendering, must be optimized for performance

Now, I’ll discuss about the 5 main differences:

Camera Angles

In film and TV animation, camera angles are carefully planned by the creators. They decide exactly how each scene should look. This helps tell the story in a clear and controlled way. The viewer sees what the filmmakers want them to see.

In video games, camera angles are different. They change based on how the player moves and controls the character. The game can be in first, second, or third-person view, and each needs different angles.

Game animators have to make sure the animation looks good from all these angles. This makes the game feel immersive and responsive to the player’s actions. Film and TV animation is controlled and fixed, while game animation is flexible and interactive.

Camera Angles
Camera Angles

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Animation Structure

In film and TV animation, the structure is sequential. This means events happen in a fixed order, with each scene following a specific storyline.

There are no repeated cycles, as every moment is unique and designed to progress the plot. The viewer has no control over what happens next; the narrative unfolds as the creators intended.

In video games, the animation structure includes cycles. Characters have animations for actions like running, jumping, or attacking, which can repeat depending on the player’s choices. This allows for multiple scenarios and interactions within the game.

Each action must transition smoothly to the next, making the game feel natural and responsive. Therefore, while film and TV animation follow a linear path, video game animation must be versatile and adaptable to different player actions.

Animation in film
Animation in film

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Control & Interactivity

In film and TV animation, control and interactivity are solely in the hands of the creators.

They design every scene, angle, and movement, ensuring the audience experiences the story exactly as intended. Viewers passively watch the narrative unfold without influencing it in any way.

In video games, animation is highly interactive and controlled by the player. The player’s actions dictate the character’s movements and interactions within the game world.

This requires game animators to design animations that respond dynamically to user inputs and programmed AI scripts. Background elements and characters react to the player, creating a responsive and immersive environment.

Unlike the fixed control in film and TV, video game animation demands a flexible structure to accommodate various player-driven scenarios.

animation in games
animation in games

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Polygon Budget

The polygon budget refers to the resources allocated for creating detailed and high-quality animations. 

In film and TV animation, the polygon budget is high. This means animators can spend a lot of money to make characters and scenes look very detailed. They can edit and improve the animation as much as they want because it doesn’t need to run in real time.

In video games, the polygon budget is lower. This is because games need to run smoothly on consoles and computers.

Game animators must make characters and scenes look good without using too many polygons. They have to balance detail and performance.

This means game animations are often less detailed than those in films and TV, but they are designed to work well during gameplay.

Polygon Budget
Polygon Budget

Technical Limitations

In film and TV animation, technical limitations are minimal. Animators can create highly detailed scenes and characters because they don’t need to worry about real-time rendering.

The animation can be edited and refined over time, using powerful software and hardware, to achieve the highest quality visuals. This allows for complex effects and detailed textures that enhance the storytelling.

In video games, technical limitations are significant. Animators must work within the constraints of game consoles and computers, which require real-time rendering. This means the animation must be optimized to run smoothly on various hardware.

Animators have to balance detail and performance, often using fewer polygons and simpler textures. They also need to ensure that the game can handle interactive elements and player inputs without lag.

Thus, game animation requires a careful balance to maintain both visual quality and playability, while film and TV animation can push for maximum visual detail without real-time constraints.


So, when it comes to animation for film/TV versus video games, they’re quite different in several ways. Film and TV stick to set camera angles and a fixed storyline, giving viewers a passive experience.

On the other hand, video games are all about interaction—the player controls the action, which means animations have to be flexible and work in real time.

Film/TV can go all out with detail, while games have to balance that with what consoles can handle. It’s like comparing a scripted movie to a choose-your-own-adventure game!

Animost – Vietnam 3D Animation Studio

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