Creating realistic animations through motion capture workflow involves a detailed and exciting journey from pre-production to production.

It all starts with careful planning and organizing, making sure every detail is covered before the cameras start rolling. Once everything is set, the actual performance capture begins, with actors and props bringing the animation to life.

Let’s walk through each step of the mocap workflow, exploring how to capture motion accurately and efficiently.

Motion Capture Workflow in MotionBuilder

Motion Capture Workflow in MotionBuilder
Motion Capture Workflow in MotionBuilder

Motion capture can be a complex operation, thus it’s critical to comprehend the right workflow to enable a seamless capture process and transfer to the relevant applications, whether for other pipeline participants or yourself.


In the pre-production stage of a motion capture (mocap) workflow, meticulous planning is essential to ensure a successful capture session.

This phase involves several critical steps that need to be addressed well before the actual motion capture takes place.

The planning not only sets the groundwork for an efficient session but also ensures that the resulting data is seamless and useful for post-production.

  • Determine the Range of Motions

Establish the range of motions required for the session. List all actions and interactions the character will perform, including interactions with props or other characters. This clarity avoids ambiguity during the capture.

  • Plan for Multiple Takes

Multiple ‘takes’ of each motion may be necessary to obtain the cleanest possible data. Ensure these takes can blend smoothly with one another in post-production by defining consistent start and end poses.

  • Use a Motion Capture Planning Sheet

Prepare a motion capture planning sheet detailing every motion to be captured, including specific notes on each take’s start and end poses. This sheet ensures everyone involved is aligned on the requirements.

  • Develop an Action Plan

Create an action plan outlining the sequence of motions and any specific requirements for each take. This plan helps coordinate the capture session and ensures all participants know the exact steps.

  • Consider Motion Complexity and Interactions

Plan for the complexity of the motions and the interactions involved. For intricate hand movements, additional markers on the fingers may be necessary to capture the performance’s nuances accurately.

  • Create a Detailed Storyboard

Produce a detailed storyboard to visualize the motions and interactions beforehand. This visual guide serves as a reference for both the actors and the capture team, ensuring everyone understands the planned motions.

  • Account for Post-Production Enhancements

Consider potential post-production enhancements, such as applying a ragdoll modifier for tripping or falling motions. This can save time and ensure realistic movements without needing multiple takes.

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With meticulous planning completed and actors and props organized, the motion capture (mocap) workflow moves into the production stage.

This phase involves the actual capture of performances, requiring careful setup and execution to ensure high-quality data. Here’s a detailed breakdown of the production stage in a mocap workflow:

Camera Calibration

  • Prepping the Scene: On capture day, after prepping the actors and props, the first crucial task is calibrating the cameras. Each camera needs to be in a circular pattern around the capture area and set parallel to the floor. Use a wand tool to ensure that all cameras register the scene appropriately.
  • Establishing the Floor: It’s important to establish the floor within the capture space to ensure all cameras are level. This helps in maintaining consistency in the captured data.
  • Saving Calibrations: Save the camera calibrations immediately after setup. This precaution allows you to restore the settings if a system crash occurs, preventing loss of data and ensuring continuity for that specific session. Note that calibrations are session-specific and should not be reused for other sessions to avoid introducing errors.

Range of Motion (ROM) Takes

  • Performing ROM Takes: Begin the session by performing at least three ROM (Range of Motion) takes. These initial takes are essential for establishing the best labeling process for the character.
  • Selecting and Processing ROM Takes: Review the ROM takes and select the clearest one. Use the Actor Layout menu to ‘Reconstruct’ the selected ROM take. This step processes the ROM data and prepares it for labeling.
  • Creating the Skeleton: In the label setup options, ensure settings are appropriate for your software (e.g., MotionBuilder). Create labels for the motion dots and generate the skeleton.
  • Labeling the ROM: Label the ROM to create a wireframe representation of the character. This visualization helps identify and correct errors, such as missing dots or twisting of the skeleton. Address any minor issues at this stage.

Character Calibration

  • Calibrating the Character: Calibration involves aligning the character within the skeletal wireframe, ensuring the motion capture dots are correctly placed. Start with a T-pose frame for clarity and accuracy.
  • Applying the Solver: After calibration, apply the solver to establish the character’s bones within the wireframe. Use the Create Solver Setup button to apply the solver to all frames, ensuring consistency throughout the session.
  • Saving Settings: Save the settings, which generate VST and VSK files. These files are crucial for maintaining the integrity of the captured data.

Main Capture Session

  • Referencing Pre-Production Plans: During the main takes, refer to your pre-production planning for detailed guidance on motions, as well as start and end poses. This ensures consistency and accuracy in the captured performances.
  • Checking Takes: After each take, review the data to ensure clarity and accuracy. Identify the best takes for reconstruction and export.
  • Reconstructing and Solving: For each clean take, reconstruct the data, auto-label, and solve. This process is quicker than the initial ROM takes, as the system uses previously gathered information.
  • Exporting Data: Once the takes are clean and error-free, save and export them as FBX files for use in software like MotionBuilder.
  • Repeating for All Takes: Repeat the reconstruction, labeling, solving, and exporting process for all clean takes to ensure comprehensive data collection.

Conclusion – Motion capture workflow

From the early planning stages in motion capture workflow, where we figure out what movements we need and how to capture them, to the actual production, where actors bring those movements to life.

By paying attention to every detail along the way, we ensure that our animations turn out as realistic and engaging as possible. Now, armed with this knowledge, let’s go create some awesome motion-captured content!

Animost – Vietnam 3D Animation Studio

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